About 900,000 people develop blood clots every year, and while blood clots can be treated, about one in three of those diagnosed with a blood clot die.
MedicineNet blood clots form in veins or arteries as part of the body's effort to repair damage to a blood vessel. But if a clot, which is a gelified mass consisting of platelets and fibrin, is improperly formed within the blood vessel, it can cause major problems. When a clot forms where there should not be one, blood flow is reduced, which can seriously harm your body.
Often the problem with blood clots is that people do not recognize the symptoms, leading to late detection. People also do not understand the factors that contribute to the formation of them.
Main causes of blood clots
Blood clots can be caused by a lot of health problems, as well as by conditions and styles of life. These include:
– Pregnancy and up to six weeks after the baby is born.
– Contraceptive use containing estrogen, such as the pill, patch or ring.
– Hormone replacement therapy that contains estrogen
– Prolonged immobilization, such as sitting on a flight and not moving for a long period or sitting for a while cross-legged
– Major surgery, especially orthopedic procedures.
– Broken bones or severe muscle injury.
– Blood coagulation disorders.
– Cancer and its treatment.
] – Obesity.
Symptoms of blood clots
Blood clots form in blood vessels (known as deep vein thrombosis), but can also come off se and travel to the lungs (pulmonary embolism). Both blood clot conditions have different symptoms that are important to consider.
The symptoms of deep vein thrombosis
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when blood clots form in one of the internal veins of your body, as in the legs or arms. When these blood clots form, the affected area usually swells and becomes sensitive, and the pain can be described as a cramp or muscle pain.
The area where DVT has been formed usually distorts skin color, acquiring a reddish or bluish color. The area where a DVT has occurred will also feel warm to the touch. It is important to contact your doctor as soon as any of these symptoms are recognized, as you may need immediate treatment.
The symptoms of pulmonary embolism
It is important to detect DVT from the beginning, as it can cause important damage, or even break the vein and travel to the lungs. The symptoms of pulmonary embolism (PE) are sudden shortness of breath, sharp pain in the chest that may feel like itching and worsen when breathing deeply, rapid heart rate and unexplained cough.
If you have any of these symptoms, you should call 911 immediately or go to an emergency room.
An ultrasound is used usually to determine where the clot is in the body. If the ultrasound does not show a clot, and the patient still shows the symptoms, an MRI can also be used to detect the clot.
Depending on the location of the blood clot and its cause, the treatment may require surgery for your elimination. Blood clots can also be treated with anticoagulant medications, which thin the blood. The treatment may include a combination of the two.
It is largely based on paying attention to risk factors, which include the risks of vascular disease, smoking, overweight, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes, according to MedicineNet .
Another method of prevention is to get up and move if you have been sitting or traveling for a long period of time.
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