We all love and enjoy summer days, especially children, because they can play all day and forget about school for a few months. However, with the summer also appear a large number of seasonal diseases and infections that we have to avoid.
Since it is always better to prevent than to cure, and we can not allow a health problem bitter summer, here are some of the most common diseases of the summer and how to avoid them.
More frequent diseases and infections of summer and how to avoid them:
If we made a ranking as we do with summer songs, salmonellosis would undoubtedly occupy the first place for life. This disease is caused by a bacterium known as Salmonella .
Any food may be infected by the bacterium if it is handled by an infected person with dirty hands or if the food comes into contact with others who are contaminated, is what is called as "cross-contamination". Generally, most people become infected by eating foods that have been contaminated.
Since high temperatures favor the growth and development of these microorganisms, most cases usually occur in summer .
] The symptoms are mainly digestive: diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain and fever, and patients recover without specific treatment. However, in some cases, particularly in young children and the elderly, dehydration caused by the disease can be serious and life-threatening.
The best way to avoid falling ill due to salmonellosis is extreme hygiene in the kitchen (washing hands and utensils we use frequently for cooking) in order to avoid possible cross-contamination. On the other hand, it is also very important to cook correctly the foods that we are going to consume.
Legionella is a bacterium that lives free in the environment and is present in all aquatic habitats : surface water of lakes, rivers, ponds, hot springs. We call legionellosis the set of diseases that present as a lung infection .
This infection usually causes pneumonia producing respiratory system infections accompanied by coughing, shortness of breath, chills and high fever.
How do you get it? The bacterium colonizes cooling towers or other facilities that contain water at temperate temperatures, where it tends to multiply. If these bacteria move in aerosols (tiny drops) they can be inhaled, reach the lungs and start the disease. It is not spread from person to person.
To prevent it, it is important to correct maintenance of ventilation and cooling systems of buildings especially before summer, to prevent the growth and spread of the causative bacteria.
3- Athlete's foot
Athlete's foot (tinea foot) is a fungal infection that usually begins between the toes. Generally, it occurs in people whose feet are very sweaty when they are trapped inside the footwear.
The microorganism that causes it is especially comfortable in humid and warm places, and therefore the public pools and their corresponding showers are some of the best places to catch them.
The signs and symptoms of athlete's foot are a rash that can cause peeling and usually causes itching, stinging and burning. Athlete's foot is contagious and can spread through contaminated floors, towels or clothes.
To prevent infection, keep your feet dry (especially between your fingers) , change socks often, wear ventilated shoes, alternate shoes, protect your feet in public places and avoid sharing a towel or footwear with other people.
Ear inflammation or otitis is a common infection that usually occurs when there is a accumulation of fluid in the ear canals ] The bacteria and microorganism that are in our ears also love heat and humidity, that is why bathing in the beach or swimming pool during the summer are usually the main triggers of this ailment.
It is characterized by an uncomfortable sensation of itching in the ear, almost always accompanied by pain, fever, dizziness and a decrease in hearing.
To prevent otitis, it is recommended not to poke with objects in the ear canal avoid immersion head in water continuously, use plugs and dry the ears immediately after leaving the water .
5- Urine Infections
These infections occur following the proliferation of bacteria in the urinary tract . Although they can take place during any time of year, it is in summer when the greatest number of cases occur, especially in women, due to the continuous contact with the water of the swimming pools, the sea and the wet swimsuits .
The solution to prevent these infections is very simple: put on dry clothes when we finish bathing . Of course, it is essential to maintain proper hygiene of the genital area throughout the year.
] Following our list of most popular summer diseases we find the poisonings caused by fish (9%), being the anisakis the most common detonator.
The anisakis is a parasite that is transmitted when ingesting raw fish since it is lodged in the digestive system of these animals.
Although inside the digestive system the anisakis parasite can not reach maturity, it can cause serious problems such as vomiting, diarrhea or abdominal pain, very similar to those produced by gastroenteritis . In addition, it can also produce symptoms typical of an allergic reaction such as itching, rashes and even anaphylactic shock in the most severe cases.
If we want to avoid the presence of these unexpected visitors, we must freeze the fish for 48 hours at a minimum temperature of -18ºC cook it properly and maintain proper handling throughout its preparation
If in spite of all the dangers, you are not able to give up sushi, but you no longer trust raw fish, try this recipe for making jelly-like sushi that will leave your guests speechless.
Follow all the recommendations listed above and have an illness that does not bother you the summer!
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