The Spanish Inquisition or Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition was an institution founded in 1478 by the Catholic Monarchs to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms. His methods to achieve it were not exactly peaceful. This brutal institution executed between 3,000 and 5,000 people in Spain and its colonies, and arrested many more.
The Inquisition, like ecclesiastical tribunal only had jurisdiction over baptized Christians. For most of its history, however, as there was no freedom of worship in Spain or its dependent territories, its jurisdiction extended to practically all the subjects of the King of Spain.
Macabre stories of the Inquisition Spanish
1- Ana de Castro
In 1707, Ana moved with her husband to Peru. The beginnings there were complicated, but over time this woman became very popular and rich in Lima.
Her beauty attracted many lovers, but one of them, jealous, planned a tactic to end it. He forced his maid to hide a crucifix on the bed and assured the Inquisition that she had beaten him with it.
When they found the crucifix, they arrested her and kept her in detention for more than 10 years, during which time she was tortured on three occasions while awaiting the outcome of her trial .
She was finally accused of being a Judaizer and, although she said she was sorry, what should have saved her life, Ana was executed in 1736.
2 – Pedro de Arbues
A group of conversos organized a plot to kill the inquisitor Pedro de Arbues in 1485. He died being attacked by a group of assassins in a cathedral and his murder provoked a great public indignation, reason why the Inquisition quickly planned a revenge.
They imprisoned hundreds of people and discovered and executed the to most of the main conspirators. They decapitated a man and publicly exposed his head cut off others' hands before decapitating them, …
3- Joseph Pérez
In 1633, the Aragonese Inquisition stopped issuing the death penalty for sodomy, but until then had made about 1,000 trials on this issue. One of the many executed by sodomy was Joseph Perez, a university professor who was arrested in 1613 for allegedly seducing two of his students.
While in prison he went crazy, and although at first he was only going to being fined and banished, he told the lawyer that the accusations against him were true and that he had had sex with his doctor in prison. Both the lawyer and the doctor, like Pérez himself were sentenced to death.
4 – William Lithgow
In 1620 , the inquisitors arrested the Scottish traveler William Lithgow in Malaga. They suspected that Lithgow was an English spy, but they found nothing to incriminate him. They admitted that he was innocent, but decided to keep him in his custody because he had criticized Catholicism in his books.
They accused him of being a heretic and tortured him even without feeding him. But since he still refused to recant his religious beliefs, he was a Calvinist, he was condemned to the stake.
Luckily, the governor of Málaga intervened just before the innocent Scots were murdered and ordered that Lithgow be placed in freedom and sent back to England.
5- Diego Rodríguez Lucero
Between 1499 and 1506, Córdoba was under the power of Inquisitor Diego Rodríguez Lucero. Whether they were converts or Christians, peasants or nobles, no one was safe from their cruelty. He routinely used torture and threats to obtain confessions and did not think twice before sending someone to the stake .
In June 1506, he signed 100 death sentences.
6 – Inés Esteban
Inés Esteban was a 10 year old prophet girl who returned hope to the conversa community. He claimed that the Messiah would come to Earth next year, that he would rescue the converts and take them to the Promised Land. He became a very popular figure, and his followers returned to Jewish customs, such as resting on Saturdays or obeying the Mosaic Law.
But the Inquisition does not like this, and as the Messiah did not show up, they stopped the small and although she was still a girl, they had no mercy with her and burned her at the stake .
7- Cayetano Ripoll
The last person condemned to death by the Inquisition was a deist named Cayetano Ripoll. A teacher who was arrested for neglecting the religious education of his students . In July 1826, after being imprisoned for two years, he was hanged for heresy.
This execution shook Spain and attracted criticism from all over Europe. Although the Inquisition had already been abolished twice, it had returned. In 1834, it was abolished forever by Queen María Cristina.
8- The Holy Child of La Guardia
In 1940, the Inquisition arrested two Jews and six converts for allegedly killing a Christian child. The accusation was ridiculous, but one of the men confessed the crime. He claimed that he and his companions had crucified the boy in a cave, had taken his heart and drained his blood.
The other prisoners gave contradictory accounts of the story. The evidence was also non-existent. But, instead of concluding that the prisoners were innocent, the Inquisition believed that they were a group of liars and sent them to the stake . The false victim became a popular saint, known as the Holy Child of La Guardia.
9- The Carabajal Family