10 Moments in which animals managed to change the history of humanity

We are all quite proud of being able to occupy the top of the food chain. From there we handle and shape the world to our pleasure. We never miss the opportunity to brag about our heroic acts and the development of our history.

However, sometimes we forget that we are not alone on earth and that our friends animals also save lives and even modify the future of humanity.

Here are 10 occasions in which the animals modified the development of our history:

1- The sheep that showed that cloning is possible

 10 Moments in which the animals managed to change the history of mankind
The Roslin Institute

The sheep Dolly is one of the most famous sheep in history, since it was the first mammal successfully cloned from an adult cell. Dolly was born in July 1996 and was the only individual who managed to develop from others 277 attempts .

Since then, cloning techniques improved significantly as scientists learned a lot from the study of Dolly, who led a healthy and happy life until 2003.

2- The rats and fleas that annihilated a third of Europe

 10 Moments in which animals managed to change the history of humanity

Una deadly pandemic called the Black Death annihilated a third of Europe (possibly even more) in the mid-fourteenth century. The pest was identified as plague, an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis . This bacterium infects rats and other small rodents and is transmitted to people by the bite of infected fleas.

The Black Death spread through trade routes from Central Asia to Europe, killing some 25 million people . One of the most surprising consequences was the shortage of labor, which allowed the peasants to request higher wages and better living conditions . Sadly, the death of many was necessary to improve the standard of living of a few.

3- The chimp that changed human understanding

 10 Moments in which animals managed to change the history of humanity
Sergey Uryadnikov / Shutterstock

Jane Goodall arrived in Tanzania in July 1960 with the mission of studying the chimpanzees, which were still a mystery to humans. During the first 3 months, the chimps did not show up, but over time, Jane was able to meet David Greybeard a gray-bearded chimp.

After sharing a piece of pork with a female, Jane was able to observe for the first time that chimpanzees were not strictly vegetarian as people thought.

Only a month later, she could observe David introducing a twig into a mound of termites and then take it to mouth. Once David moved away, Jane approached the mound and discovered that the termites clung to the twig. The researcher understood that the chimpanzee had been using a twig as a tool. Until then scientists thought that only humans could create and use tools .

David continued to use other artifacts, and in doing so, changed our conception of chimpanzees and humans.

4- El cat that opened a new chapter in criminology

 10 Moments in which animals managed to change the history of humanity
Kachalkina Veronika / Shutterstock

In 1994, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police found a body buried in a shallow grave with a jacket soaked with blood. An analysis showed that the blood belonged to the victim, but they also discovered a long white hair that belonged to a cat . Police knew that the victim's husband lived near the place where the body was found and owned a white cat called Snowball .

Authorities obtained blood from Snowball to perform a DNA test. It turned out that no laboratory had tested a pet's DNA and none wanted to be the first. After many calls, an institution was encouraged to assist in the case.

Police collected blood samples from approximately 20 cats to ensure that the cats did not have similar DNA. The evidence revealed that, indeed, the hair found belonged to Snowball, so its owner was sent to prison.

This resulted in a new form of finding criminals through the DNA analysis of the pets . Since then the National Feline Genetic Database was established.

5- The fighting cocks that inspired the ancient Greek soldiers

 10 Moments in which animals managed to change the history of humanity
Tumblr [19659007] The Athenian general Themistocles was walking towards the battle front to fight against the invading Persian forces when he stopped to watch 2 roosters fighting. The general called his troops and showed them that the animals did not fight for glory, freedom or security, they simply fought because one did not want to give in to the other .

This exhibition of instinctive aggression gave strength and motivation to the soldiers. Completely convinced and sure of themselves, the Greeks confronted their invaders and preserved their lands, giving rise to the civilization we know today.

6- Dogs that conquered space

 10 Moments in which the animals got change the history of mankind

Laika was the first dog (along with other microbes) to orbit aboard Sputnik 2 on November 3, 1957. Some called it the first passenger alive to travel into space, but most suborbital flights exceeded the limit with space.

The little dog was an abandoned animal, since scientists assumed that stray dogs were braver and better developed under difficulties . Unfortunately, Laika died 7 hours after takeoff.

Three years later, on August 19, 1960, two other dogs, Belka and Strelka boarded the Sputnik 5 . They entered space and returned to Earth without any problem, which provided enough confidence for humans to be sent into space in less than a year.

7- Wolves who temporarily ended World War I

 10 Moments in which animals managed to change the history of humanity
David Dirga / Shutterstock

Russian and German troops fought during the winter of 1916-1917 in an area that stretched from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea . During that time, bad weather forced some hungry wolves to attack soldiers from both sides . The attacks intensified to such an extent that the two sides suffered more casualties caused by wolves than by battle.

This caused the two sides to announce a temporary truce to fight the wolves . After the animals were defeated, both sides returned to battle.

8- The worms that developed agriculture

 10 Moments in which animals managed to change the history of mankind
photographyfirm / Shutterstock [19659017] Charles Darwin worshiped worms because he considered them a fascinating species that played an important role in the development of human civilization. Their waste, their tunnels and their food activity have numerous beneficial effects on soil quality for crop production.

In other words, the worms have been fertilizing our land for millions of years. years . They are the ones who turned the soil into a substrate on which we can work.

9- The pigeon that saved hundreds of US troops

 10 Moments in which animals managed to change the history of humanity

During the First World War, in early October 1918, more than 500 men were found trapped without food and ammunition behind the enemy lines . The military commander tried to send several messages, but the first 2 pigeons were shot down.

A carrier pigeon called Cher Ami ("Dear friend") lived up to his name and completed the mission. Despite being severely wounded, the feisty pigeon managed to deliver the message. The trapped men were saved and Cher Ami received the Croix de Guerre from the French government.

10- The geese that saved Rome

 10 Moments in which the animals managed to change the history of mankind
Bird_Facts / Reddit

The flourishing Roman empire was attacked by the Gauls in the early fourth century BC. After defeating in the Battle of Allia, they mobilized to attack Rome. Once they reached their destination, they intended to ascend Capitoline Hill in secret .

Moving silently, the attackers managed to pass unnoticed to the misfortune of sentinels and watchdogs. They almost managed to get away with it when they were spotted by patriotic Roman geese.

The attentive birds began a squawking storm that woke the nearby guards and therefore the entire city. Rome was saved, and the geese enjoyed infinite fame and admiration.

Do you still think that animals do not play a very important role in our history?

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