The ruins are often associated with ancient cities such as Pompeii, however, many of the settlements of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries were provoked after major natural disasters, wars or economic depressions that forced their residents to flee. Do you want to know some of the most curious?
10 Ghost towns because of great disasters
1- Chernobyl, Pripyat (Ukraine)
Perhaps the best known of all, this city where almost 50,000 inhabitants lived, had to be evacuated after the Chernobyl disaster of 1986.
The 50,000 people moved on 1,200 buses in less than 4 hours. The saddest thing of all is that no human can live in it safely in the next 24,000 years.
2- Nazis, Oradour-sur-Glane (France)
This city did not had to be abandoned after the Nazis razed it almost completely in 1944, killing 642 of its residents. But the French president Charles de Gaulle decided to leave the city in ruins as a testimony of the Nazi atrocities and so it continues to this day.
The survivors were transferred to a new village of the same name northwest of the ruins after the war.
3- Volcanic ash, Plymouth (Montserrat)
The ghost town of Plymouth, on the British Caribbean island of Montserrat, is the only ghost town in the world that remains, technically, the capital of a political territory.
The Soufrière Hills volcano covered the city with almost one and a half meters of ash in 1997. Nineteen people died and the whole town was displaced. Many were forced to live in a "state of involuntary exile."
4- Lead and tornado, Picher (Oklahoma, USA)
As if that were not enough to be exposed to toxic waste, this city also suffered a tornado. This caused the population to decrease from 1,640 to 20 inhabitants in just a decade.
The lead and zinc mines were some of the most productive at the beginning of the 20th century, causing that, when the operations they stopped, the water was contaminated.
In 2006, the government declared that most of the city was not fit to live. And last but not least, in 2008, a tornado destroyed 150 homes.
5- Economic collapse and plane crash, Pyramiden (Russia)
At its height, this community of some 1,000 residents was completely self-sufficient, getting its own food and supplying its people. But two accidents put an end to this beautiful time.
The first was the collapse of the Russian economy after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, which led to low wages and low living standards. And the second was a plane crash that killed 141 passengers.
In 1998, the Russians decided to close Pyramiden. But now there are 300 workers there, who since 2007 have begun to renovate some of the old buildings.
6- Coal mining, Hashima (Japan)
The abandoned city of Hashima Island looks like a huge warship from the air. Currently, it houses the fragile and dangerous ruins of one of the oldest concrete skyscrapers in the world .
In 1959 the island inhabited some 5,259 people, but when the coal mines were depleted in 1974 , the island quickly became a ghost town.
7- Asbestos poisoning, Wittenoom (Australia)
The city of Wittenoom, in Western Australia, was founded in the 1930s to house crocidolite mining workers, a type of extremely carcinogenic asbestos .
The mines were closed in 1966 after one of the miners was diagnosed with mesothelioma, the first case in Australia. This effectively ended the city, but the state government did not adopt an official policy of "gradual reduction" until 1978.
8- Accidental poisoning by officials, Times Beach (Missouri)
In 1972, the city of Times Beach, Missouri paid Russell Bliss to spray used oil on the
Little did they know that Bliss was using residual oil contaminated with dioxin a toxic chemical byproduct of the manufacture of hexachlorophene, an antibacterial agent that was previously used in soap and water. toothpaste.
Bliss did not know either: he was only doing his job as a contractor for a chemical company. In 1982, the city was declared uninhabitable. The state and federal government bought the city and paid the owners for their residences and businesses to leave.
9- Constantly on fire, Centralia (Pennsylvania)
A coal mine fire has been roaring under the city since 1962 burning the depths and the surface layers , ventilating poisonous gases and opening holes large enough to swallow people and cars.
Experts say that the fire will not stop for at least the next 200 years.
10- Buried in sand, Kolmanskop ( Namibia)
The city of Kolmanskop is prac It is buried in sand. In 1908, a railway worker found diamonds in the area and showed them to his German boss. Shortly thereafter, a ton of Germans descended into the area to settle and exploit it.
After this, in the 1920s, the city housed some 1,200 people. But in 1956 it was abandoned, when diamond mines with more favorable extraction conditions were found in the south of the country.
Did you know any of these places? Do not you find them really interesting? Tell us in the comments!
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