Who has not heard of Atlantis? The legendary island that sank in the sea in a single day. But, do you know more about her? Who came up with it? Was it a real place?
10 Things you probably do not know about the lost city of Atlantis
The story of Atlantis comes from the Greek philosopher Plato. Specifically of two of his writings, Timeo and Critias . In them, Plato wrote that the Greek sage Solon received the story of a priest in Egypt.
On his return, he shared the story with his relative Dropides; who in turn passed it on to his son Critias, who told his grandson. He finally shared it with Socrates and others present. Of course, this is more of a legend than a historical fact.
Atlantis was an empire
Plato tells us that Atlantis was actually an empire ruled from this island. "On this island of Atlantis, there was a great and wonderful empire that ruled the entire island and several others, parts of the continent.
In addition, the men of Atlantis subdued from Libya, within the columns of Heracles, to Egypt , and from Europe to Tyrrhenia. " Tyrrhenia is now central Italy. Which means that one day Atlantis spread from present-day Tuscany to Egypt .
The story is true, according to Plato
Plato discerns the facts of fiction in its history. "There is a story … that once, Paethon, the son of Helios, having anointed the steeds in his father's chariot, because he was not able to lead them in his father's way, burned everything that was on Earth, and he himself was destroyed by lightning. Now it has the form of a myth, but it really means a decline of the bodies that move in the heavens around the Earth. "
Here Plato recognizes that some myths are symbolic in nature. However, says in his book that Atlantis is real, not a myth .
It's 11,500 years old
It was said that Solon was the wisest of all the Greek sages. The text indicates that the story of Atlantis was transmitted to Solon in Egypt when he wanted to "draw" one of the priests to talk about his oldest stories.
Solon lived from about 630 a.C. until approximately 560 a.C. So if the story is true, the fall of Atlantis would occur around 9500 BC The Atlánrida would then date from about 10,000 BC. It is considered by many archaeologists, the first temple in the world.
Half of the history is missing
It is known that Plato wrote at least two books on Atlantis. Today we have a full version of Timeo, but not a complete copy of Critias. Critias ends after Zeus, head of the Greek gods, "gathered all the gods into his most sacred room, which, being situated in the center of the world, contemplates all created things."
We do not know if Plato left the incomplete book on purpose or if the final version was lost a long time ago. But in addition, not only the end of Critias is missing, but it is believed that Plato wrote, or at least planned to write, a third book about Atlantis called Hermocrate s .
The ocean was named by him
Most people believe that Atlantis was named after the Atlantic Ocean, but the text states that it was the other way around. According to the story, Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea, had five pairs of twins with an Atlantean mortal woman named Cleito.
The god gave each of his sons a portion of an island to govern. As the promogénito Atlas had the whole island, and even the surrounding ocean, gave it its name .
Its location is known
There are those who believe that Santorini is Atlantis, while others believe that the Bimini water conceals the way to the lost city. However, Plato's text makes it clear where the submerged island once was.
The text says that Atlantis "left the Atlantic Ocean." And he continues: "there was an island located in front of the straits that are by your side (referring to the ancient Greeks), called the Pillars of Heracles."
Humanity has been and will be destroyed
] The Egyptian priest told Solon that none of his stories were "truly ancient" compared to his. According to the priest, the reason for the "truly ancient" lack of knowledge of Solon is that humanity has been destroyed again and again .
"There have been, and will be, many destructions of the humanity that arise for many causes; the largest have been caused by the action of fire and water, and other minor by countless other causes. "
It may be that Plato wanted to keep us away from the Atlantic Ocean
If the Greeks knew what was beyond the Mediterranean, they probably did not want more people to know about it; and that is why Plato wrote that no one could navigate the Atlantic.
"But then violent earthquakes and floods took place; and in a single day and night of misfortune all the warrior men sank on the Earth, and the island of Atlantis disappeared in the same way in the depths of the sea. " According to Plato, this caused an impassable mud bank. Was Plato trying to prevent people from entering the Atlantic? Did he really believe that a mud bank was blocking ocean travel?
Women were allowed to serve in prehistoric Athens
Plato's text says: "Military activities were then common to men and women the men of those days, according to the custom of the time, mounted a figure and an image of the goddess (Athena) with full armor, to be a testimony that all the animals that are associated together, both men as women, they can, if they wish, practice in common the virtue that belongs to them without distinction of sex. "
Ancient Mediterranean peoples could know about the Americas
It is possible that Plato invented Atlantis by the good of philosophy. However, there is a part of the story that would have been hard to imagine .
In the story, the Egyptian priest tells Solon, "The island … was the road to other islands, and from these could be passed to the entire opposite continent that surrounded the true ocean. (…) The surrounding land can truly be called a continent without limits ". Could not this mean that the ancient Greeks knew or had been in the Americas?
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